The 4th of YOU-LIED!

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Fire up the grill, get the kids and light the fireworks! On July 4th, 1776 the Second Continental Congress adopt the United States Declaration of Independence, after an 8 year battle with the Crown. Members of American colonial society rejected the authority of British Parliament to tax them without Colonial representatives in the government. This eventually evolved into the American Revolution, where white and black men fought side-by-side.

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Once the war was won America deemed itself a place where “all men are created equal, that they are endowed, by their creator, with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” But what did that mean in relation to African-Americans?

Nothing, nada, zilch, cero…
The truth of the matter is that July 4th did nothing for African-Americans on a large-scale. The Loyalists (Britain) as well as the Patriots (America) promised slaves money, self-government, land, but most important of all, freedom. As the Revolutionary War spread Africans sided with whichever army promised them personal liberty. The British actively recruited slaves belonging to Patriots and consequently more  Africans wound up fighting for the crown.
The reality is that most slaves who fought for the rebels and the crown remained property of their masters, promises unfulfilled.

“Many thousands of African-Americans who aided the British lost their freedom anyway. Many of them ended up in slavery in the Caribbean. Others, when they attempted to leave with the British, in places like Charleston and Savannah, were prevented. And there are incredible letters written by southerners of Africans after the siege of Charleston, swimming out to boats, and the British hacking away at their arms with cutlasses to keep them from following them. So it was a very tragic situation. And of the many thousands of Africans who left the plantations, not many of them actually got their freedom.”

— Margaret Washington, historian, on the evacuation of Charleston

The feelings of discrimination and prejudice that was bred into this country’s fabric still lingers and it’s evident by how non-whites are treated by the law, especially those who are of African descent and of darker complexion.

It wouldn’t be until 1865 before we could even nibble on the idea of freedom…

JUNETEENTH

  Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of physical slavery in the United States. On June 19th 1865 Union Soldiers led by Major General Gordon Granger landed at Galveston, Texas to declare that the remaining slaves are free.

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Keep in mind that the Emancipation Proclamation was delivered by Abraham Lincoln on January 1st 1863, it was two and a half years before the final slaves were freed. This fact alone should show you just how much the Union cared about slaves. Here are some bullet points to keep in mind when thinking about Abraham Lincoln, the Emancipation Proclamation and its relation to slavery.

  • Lincoln wasn’t an abolitionist, though he did feel like it was morally wrong overall. But he was conflicted as to what should be done about it. An abolitionist knows exactly what should be done with slavery, and that would be to eradicate it and accept freedmen as equal members of society. True abolitionist also felt that the Constitution was comparable to trash because it justified the system of slavery to begin with, it held no weight in their eyes.
  • Lincoln didn’t think blacks should have the same rights as whites, even though some sources report he had African and Native American lineage. He believed in an All men created equal” just not politically so: “I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races,” he began, going on to say that he opposed blacks having the right to vote, to serve on juries, to hold office and to intermarry with whites.”

Lincoln believed that colonization was a great idea for Africans. He thought that the majority of Africans should settle back in Africa or in Central America. Ironically the African leaders of the time were angered with Lincolns proposal and argued that they were natives just as much as anyone else.f244b181591385cfbd9d1fc1abc07f59

  • Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation didn’t actually free ALL the slaves. The Proclamation was a military order, with that being said it didn’t apply to border states such as Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri, all of which had remained loyal to the Union. It was also allowed to continue in subdued Confederate states in hopes that the Union would gather inertia. In summary the Emancipation Proclamation only applied to where the Union had no control. By the war’s end approximately 200,000 African men had served in the Civil War.

Synopsis

Overall the 4th of YOU-LIE! is about exposing the truths regarding Independence Day, slavery, as well as challenging the cliché narratives coupled with American holidays. The lies within American culture are most definitely deep-rooted in hate, bigotry, emasculation and fear. America’s policies haven’t changed much over the years if you look at how they frame historical events through propaganda via the media.

  • How could I believe in Patriotism when the “patriots” of the American Revolution didn’t even consider my ancestors human?
  • How could I wear red, white and blue when it doesn’t represent my heritage or my identity?
  • How could I sing the star-spangled banner knowing that my people have been and still are confused about their godliness?
  • How could I celebrate the 4th of YOU-LIED knowing that my people were promised equality and human rights but were deceived?

These are just some of the questions you should be asking yourself if you’re an African in America. So while you heat up those ribs and hotlinks think about this post and think about why YOU celebrate holidays….

Save a burger for me!

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Ashé/Ase (ah-SHAY)

Ashe is a component of the African philosophical concept through which the Yoruba of Nigeria conceive the power to make whatever one says happen, produce change and  command authority. It can be used in a variety of contexts and in my opinion is comparable to the Chinese philosophy of ch’i/qi (chee).
Ashe is in every living and non-living thing, it is the life force that drives. Its important to point out that this is a force that is transmissible; conducted by material or symbolic meanings and can be accumulated.
In it’s spiritual context it means “so let it be/ may it be so”. Depending on what you believe Ashe can be used interchangeably with amen.

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#LibertyOrDeath

#themoreyouknow

Silvestri: The Sneaky Salmon

On May 10th 2016 I was asked if I would like to voice my concern about a resolution proposed by Commissioner Silvestri, the Commissioner of the 9th District of Cook County . The major theme of the proposal was to change the position of Cook County Circuit Clerk from elected, to appointed. This would mean that the people wouldn’t have a say so in who they feel is the best person for the job, and only the Board of Commissioners would decide.

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 The problem with this is that 17 people, who all have salaries over $100,000, couldn’t possibly represent the people in an effective manner with the Peoples’ interest in mind. This simple fact was all of the ammunition I needed to attack these fascists, though there was more evidence to bring to light. The hearing for Mrs. Dorothy Brown was on the 11th so I was hard pressed to find more information to back up what I would say the following day.

Keep in mind that this “resolution” was brought to the table shortly after Mrs. Brown asked for a raise; the last time her position got a raise was 16 years ago, and this after the Democratic Party, chaired by Preckwinkle, endorsed Michelle Harris.  How can you expect a person to do better than the previous year when expenses go up each year, and you won’t give them the resources they need to function effectively?

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When the resolution concerning Dorothy Brown came up, Silvestri saw all of those African faces in there, and decided to cut his losses. It was at least 30 Dorothy Brown supporters in there, and he definitely didn’t want us to turn up! Though this was just to shut us up collectively because they don’t want certain messages broadcast (the hearings are live), and they don’t want YOU to THINK for YOURSELF!!! Once they told us that we couldn’t speak, I left, but this is what I wrote:

Good morning,

My name is Quintin Martins representing B.R.O.T.H.E.R.S. Inc. and I’m here to voice my concern regarding Mr. Silvestri’s proposal. This proposal would change the Circuit Clerks position from elected to appointed which means that  we would have to rely on the 17 individuals on the board of commissioners to choose a clerk that’s in the interest of the people. That’s 17 votes out of the 1,171,349 votes for circuit clerk, which is not even half of a half of 1 percent. This, Mr. Silvestri, is an absolute spit in the face of democracy and the fact that this is even up for discussion is disgusting. Lets be clear about what this is really about, the powers that be became disappointed that Ms. Brown rightfully won her seat as Cook County Circuit Clerk. When she asked for a raise she was declined and is expected to perform better than she did the year before, even  though she has 9 times as many employees as her associates. Its obvious that their priority is to stifle Ms. Brown in any way, but shouldn’t their priority be to the people and not the pocket? Maybe if the democratic party was concerned with representing the people instead of splitting votes then maybe, just maybe she wouldn’t have won. I have my own proposal, let’s focus on an appointed position we would like to see on the ballot in the future and petition for that!

 

The American 1%: Social Class Divide on Crack

Who Rules the United States?

The United States of America is supposed to be, by design, a representative democracy, but who really runs the United States? Two perspectives that hypothesize on who runs the United States is the functionalist and conflict perspectives.

 

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WASHINGTON, DC – FEBRUARY 12: U.S. President Barack Obama, flanked by Vice President Joe Biden and House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH), delivers his State of the Union speech before a joint session of Congress at the U.S. Capitol February 12, 2013 in Washington, DC. Facing a divided Congress, Obama focused his speech on new initiatives designed to stimulate the U.S. economy. (Photo by Charles Dharapak-Pool/Getty Images)

Crucial to this question, is a sound understanding of the fundamental reasoning that make up both perspectives; the demand and supply of authority. Also key, is an understanding of citizenship, democracy, and capitalism. Lastly, it is imperative to have a strong grasp on the U.S. Political Infrastructure, and how all these factors are waged into the arguments of the functionalist and conflict perspectives. The first step in this inquisition is to come to an agreed definition of authority, which is the common goal of any government; the monopoly over power and the use of violence.

 

Authority and You!

Authority, is the extension of power by one group, or government, over the larger population of people within a defined territory. Functionalists view states, or governments, as having arisen from the necessity of social groups, to protect the masses of people from anarchy, which is unrestrained disorder and crime. Conflict theorists would agree that an unrestrained government is detrimental, but they differ in that they believe the current government to be functioning in a way that doesn’t contribute to the welfare and longevity of its citizens. There are three types of authority that societies recognize: traditional authority, rational-legal authority, and charismatic authority. Traditional authority is the type of authority that is extended over a social group by way of culture and customs. Rational-legal authority is a type of authority that is recognized by the people as legitimate due to its establishment in the laws of the land. Charismatic authority is the type of power offered to individuals based on their outstanding traits, which prompt others to follow them. This brings us to the question of the natural forces that bring people within a defined territory together; citizenship.

Citizenship: Consented Violence

Citizenship is the concept that birth (residence or naturalization), is the basis upon which individuals are afforded basic rights. This is one of the great benefits of this country; this is the idolized land of opportunity. The place where anyone can become Steve Jobs. The part of the story they leave out is that during that struggle for opportunity, you will face unfathomable obstacles, and if you are a woman or a person of color, you will encounter far more pressing odds on your pursuit to the American dream. Poverty and social class divisions do exist in this country, which brings us to the concept of universal citizenship, which addresses discrimination with its emphasis on everyone having the same basic rights. Now, let’s focus in on the guiding principles of this country. Before we dive more into the country’s political infrastructure, let’s get an understanding of capitalism, and how it plays a role in our country’s social makeup.

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Capitalism: The American Nightmare

Capitalism, is the concept around which the private ownership of the means of production, and the desire and pursuit of profit controls the supply and demand of economic markets. There are two types of capitalism that currently exist in societies: lassiez-faire capitalism, and welfare capitalism. Laissez-faire capitalism is unrestrained by government, and is commonly called hands-off capitalism. Welfare capitalism is a form of capitalism where government encourages the private ownership of land, but regulates capitalism to ensure the welfare of the masses of the nation’s population. Conflict theorists coined the name power elite, to refer to the 1% of Americans, made up of the super-rich, heads of military, top legislators, but most importantly, the heads of this country’s top corporations. They say that it is this small group of individuals who make the decisions that control the major functioning of the United States of America. This brings us to how both the functionalists and conflict perspectives view capitalism, as it relates to the U.S. political infrastructure.

The U.S. Political Infrastructure

The infrastructure of the United States political system is bipartisan, with several smaller roadways that we will collectively refer to as third parties. Minus the presence of these almost non-existent third parties, the U.S. political system is dominated by democrats and republicans. Democrats are associated publicly with advocating for the welfare of the masses of the population. Republicans are associated publicly with advocating for the interest of the wealthy. The supposed common denominator is that both parties adopt the philosophy of free education, a strong military, and the freedom of religion, speech, and assembly of the American people. Functionalists view this system of representative democracy, fused with the safe guard of this system’s checks and balances system, as sufficient and effective, as it grew directly from the need of the people to have a government. They also see capitalism as necessary, as both parties of this country’s bipartisan arrangement view capitalism as essential to the welfare of our economy. Conflict theorist, on the reverse, sees the influence of capitalism on policy, as an illegitimate form of control (coercion) of the people by corporations; the power elite, or ruling class. This power elite is comprised of the super-rich 1% of Americans, who head the country’s top corporations, are top ranking military officials, and are our country’s most influential elected officials. The conflict perspective also provides an analysis on the hierarchy of the power elite group. The three groups are not equal in power, but because all three segments of the group view capitalism as crucial to American economy, corporations wield more power in this group makeup.

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In Context: Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives

There are two perspectives on who rules the United States of America; the functionalist and conflict perspectives. Authority is the extension of power over the people, fused with the exclusive monopoly on the use of violence. Key to answering this question, is the gaining of understanding around both the functionalist and conflict theories. Also important, is the understanding of authority, capitalism, and democracy. Lastly, you must have a sound understanding of capitalism, and how it is perceived to fit into the scheme of the United Stets political infrastructure. No one perspective covers each point that I believe is important and accurate, and no one party can represent all the ideals of every constituent, but understanding who makes the decisions in this country is key to understanding how to change the decisions that are being made to cause latent dysfunctions in our economy. Signing off, but never offline!

Written by: Eugene Stanley

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White on White Crime: Unbiased at Last

In November I started protesting police brutality starting with the famous Black Friday protest on the magnificent mile. I was extremely proud after the Black Friday protest. I thought we were all going to fight this thing, and all races were united. I didn’t see how anyone could not be pleased about it; I was wrong. I posted things on Facebook and all of my right wing relatives said, “What about Tyshawn Lee?,” and why don’t they protest “black on black crime” in their own neighborhood.

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I live on the south side of Chicago and I can proudly state that we do protest crime in our own neighborhoods. We are furious about about the deaths and the killings. One of the many priests on the south side just had a huge peace march on Sunday <http://patch.com/illinois/beverly-mtgreenwood/fr-pfleger-time-church-break-code-silence-0&gt; and it was far from his first, but the media never covers them. All of the activists I know have held rallies on gun violence. Some of them even call it “black on black” crime as well even though I don’t agree with that term.

I don’t appreciate the term “black on black” crime as was deemed by Fox News (http://mediamatters.org/blog/2013/07/21/foxs-wallace-lectures-civil-rights-leaders-and/194991) because it’s used as a diversion tactic whenever the issue of police brutality and the black lives matter movement is brought up. This started with Trayvon Martin, which I followed intensely and I can remember my blood pressure going up because I was sick of hearing about it, and i experience heavy nausea.

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Exactly what are we classifying as crime to begin with, because white collar crime <https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/white_collar&gt; is one of the main sources of harm to people of all races, and it’s largely committed by whites. The perpetrators are rarely tried or found guilty put in prison.  Furthermore the perpetrators of mass shootings are usually white, not black, yet the media never puts the focus on their color. <http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/27/us/mass-shootings/&gt;

The term “black on black” crime leads people to believe that black people are barbarians who kill each other all of the time. As I’ve grown up around a lot of black people, I don’t think this is fair, and if you are going to use that terminology you should also pay attention to the other types of crime and who is perpetrating them and also start using the term “white on white crime”. When we are classifying things by color, it’s nothing but racism; plain and simple.

Written by: Lauren Meltzer

The Trump Effect and Its Global Implications

 

This report is about the “Trump Effect” what its done so far and what it will do in the future. It will examine the effects of Trumps candidacy on students, teachers, minority groups as well as its socioeconomic consequences on a national and international scale.

National Effects
Whether you know it or not the “Trump Effect” has unfortunately taken its toll on America and the presidential race. Its more than obvious that his toxic hate rhetoric has reverberated, even through different candidates desperate for support. Since he is the Republican front runner coupled with his influence, other politicians have adopted this outrageous hate rhetoric to garner more supporters. This inhumane rhetoric is mainly aimed at the Latino and Muslim American communities and unfortunately 31 states have implemented strategies to terrorize and alienate these groups.

In Texas, Gov. Greg Abbott has sued the federal government and a nonprofit relief agency to keep refugees out. Indiana’s refusal forced one family to seek refuge in Connecticut. Georgia is seeking to deny displaced Syrians federal benefits, like food stamps, and keep their children out of school.2 These are just a couple of the examples we’ve seen thus far so imagine how many more inhuman policies are being set in place by various politicians and their sponsors.

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According to an article published by the LA Times4, Donald Trump in office would be detrimental to the nations’ as well as the global economy. The reason being is because his policies are “vague, grandiose or politically unfeasible”. A major sector that would plummet is healthcare because he wants to repeal the Affordable Care Act otherwise known as Obamacare.

Over the past four years under ACA the S&P Healthcare index has risen 86%. This means that any disruption of growth in that sector would most likely have a negative impact on healthcare stocks.

Mr. Trump also plans on enforcing tariffs on exports from China and other nations. A tariff is “a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports”. With that being said China and others, may impose their own tariffs in response, which would most likely result in a tax war. Right now rice is $2.44 a pound, now imagine if it jumped up to $7.80 post-Trump. Puts it in perspective doesn’t it?

Trumps tax proposal is extremely far fetched because he’s proposing tax cuts across all income levels. It sounds good on paper, but what wasn’t said is that it’ll create a $9.6 trillion federal deficit over the next decade which would directly affect federal spending.5
On April 13th, 2016 the Southern Poverty Law Center1 released a study that examined the effects of Trumps’ presidential campaign on students as well as teachers. The survey was conducted by Teacher Tolerance and ranged from K-12 both teachers and students alike. Here are the highlights:

• More than two-thirds of the teachers reported that students—mainly immigrants, children of immigrants and Muslims—have expressed concerns or
fears about what might happen to them or their families after the election.

• More than half have seen an increase in uncivil political discourse.

• More than one-third have observed an increase in anti-Muslim or anti-immigrant sentiment.

• More than 40 percent are hesitant to teach about the election.

Unfortunately his campaign is effecting how our children will think in this country for decades.

This effect can be seen beyond twelfth grade as seen in Southern Illinois University at
Carbondale where racial tensions have increased with Trump’s hate rhetoric. He makes it cool to be discriminatory and prejudiced which is detrimental to stability of our society. One instance describes how Leilani Bartlett, a freshman at SIUC, attended a political forum in her dorm and racial slurs began to be thrown around. A short time after Leilani posted a video on Facebook that’s garnered attention. Another instance at the university describes how two black fraternity members attempted to enter a white fraternity’s party and were denied entry. Who really knows what those reasons were.

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International Implications

On an international scale if Trump becomes president he would damage the global economy and the small ties we have in the Middle East will indefinitely be severed. In an article published by The Guardian an organization called the Economist Intelligence Unit updated their list of global threats, and in twelfth place was the possibility of Donald Trump being sworn into America’s presidential office. The Economist Intelligence Unit an independent business within The Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports. Trumps anti-Muslim hate speech and his talk of putting troops on the ground in Syria to fight the Islamic State, coupled with his ban on all Muslim travel to the US would result in an increase of jihadist groups. “The spread of IS [Isis] and its influence poses a dilemma for global policymakers, who are under pressure to intervene militarily to suppress the group in its strongholds in the Middle East [especially now that hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees are seeking sanctuary in Europe], but which in turn would risk reprisals in their home countries by radicalized IS sympathizers.”7 The instability of Greece and the spread of IS may result in more countries leaving the European Union. The spread of Isis would create ripples all over the world and it seems like Trump has some stock in weaponry. Trumps trade policies also have the potential to escalate into a trade war with China.

“A hard landing for the Chinese economy remains the biggest threat to the world economy, according to the EIU. It said China’s manufacturing and service sectors were continuing to deteriorate, hampering the government’s efforts to tackle bad debts that had built up since the financial crisis. Recent plunges on the Shanghai stock market – down 17% so far this year – have undermined confidence in Beijing’s ability to manage the crisis.”

What we need to do!
With the information presented its obvious that something drastic need to be done in
order to keep Trump out of office, but its definitely bigger than Trump. Trump is just a part of a system that allows him and others like him to do what they want to do. The capitalist system is not for the people, it’s for the dollar. Knowing this, we all need to unite as one to combat the system and its various tentacles. The system is for the dollar but we’re for the people, hence the #HUMANECAMPAIGN. The #HUMANECAMPAIGN is for anyone that wants to promote life and have a safer future for our offspring. Whatever your motivation is there a place for you to express that, from police brutality to the school to prison pipeline. These examples are just a few of the issues that affect us nationally as well as globally, change and accountability is needed in order to secure our future.

Written By: Liberty Or Death

WORKS CITED
Trumps effect –Nationally
The Trump Effect: The Impact of the Presidential Campaign on Our Nation’s Schools https://www.splcenter.org/20160413/trump-effect-impact-presidential-campaign-our-nations-schools April 13, 2016 by The Southern Poverty Law Center 1

The Trump Effect and How It Spreads http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/10/opinion/the-trump-effect-and-how-it-spreads.html?_r=0 December 10, 20152

The “Trump Effect” Alienating Conservative Latinos http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2015/08/31/435584004/the-trump-effect-alienating-conservative-latinos August 31, 2015 by Asma Khalid 3

How Would a Donald Trump Presidency Effect the Stock Market http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-agenda-trump-markets-20160307-story.html March 7, 2016 4

Which presidential candidate would benefit your wallet most? http://www.cbsnews.com/news/2016-race-donald-trump-ted-cruz-hillary-clinton-bernie-sanders-tax-plans-impact/ March 18, 2016 by CBS News5

If Donald Trump was President, Heres What Would Happen to the Economy http://www.thestreet.com/story/13335121/2/if-donald-trump-was-president-here-s-what-would-happen-to-the-u-s-economy.html March 11, 2016 by Emily Stewart6

Trumps Effect- Internationally
‘President Trump’ as big a threat as jihadi terror to global economy – EIU
http://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/mar/17/president-trump-sixth-list-major-threats-global-economy-republican-trade-eiu March 17th, 2016 by The Guardian7

The Impacts of Donald Trumps Marketing Campaign
http://www.forbes.com/sites/ajagrawal/2015/12/25/the-impacts-of-donald-trumps-marketing-campaign/#c3bbea46cd68 December 25, 2015 by FORBES8

Adobe Creative Cloud: Software-As-A-Service

pizza logo 1I created this sample piece while watching a tutorial in Adobe’s online learning environment. There were a few things that I did not do exactly as they showed, because I feel compelled to maintain my individual expression as an artist, but I am very proud of the work I have done.
While this is but a simple piece of art, and I was coached through creating it, I gave this project my 100% effort. Adobe’s products, fused with their online learning center, has captivated my interest so much so that I went out and purchased a stylus pad and pen to be able to create on a more professional and creative level.
All I can say is that you all have developed an amazing marketing strategy for a fairly new product (Software as a Service) in the market. Because you all have presented a product, and supplied training (cutting back on administrative cost associated with training or hiring qualified candidates), I am able to economically enter your purchase funnel, and still capitalize off the skills acquired.
GREAT JOB ADOBE! www.adobe.com/creativecloud.html
adobe logo
Eugene Stanley
Director of Communications
Chicago Anti-Eviction Campaign
info@globalafricachicago.org